Seal

(Phoca vitulina)

CHARACTERISTICS

Habitat
Very widespread: North Atlantic, North Pacific, North Sea, prefers coastal areas with sandbanks and rocks

Diet
Fish is their vegetables: Flat fish, salmon, cod, sardines, herring, crabs, mussels and squid

Size
Males: 170 cm
Females: 140 cm

Weight
Males: 150 kg
Females: 100 kg

Gestation period
11 months 

Small turbo
Baby seals can swim since birth, are born already with the sleek sealskin of adult animals and are independent after approximately 2 months.

Perfectly adapted
Arms and legs have evolved into fins.

Why howler?
Newborns now and then lose the contact to the mother - often even for a short time only. If so, they scream heartbreakingly, this has given them this name.

Did you know that...
... seals can swim up to 35 km/h fast and can dive 200 metres deep,
... they can perfectly orient themselves in the water with their sensitive whiskers
... and that the layer of fat, which serves as energy reserve and insulation layer, is called blubber?