King penguins, with a body length of over a metre, are the second largest penguins on our planet after the emperor penguin. They live in rings around Antarctica, where they come together to form large breeding colonies. They feed on fish, crabs and all kinds of other delicacies from the sea.
Pack ice, bodies of water in the subantarctic zone
Fish and crustaceans
80 to 95 cm
approx. 15 kg
- Breeding period
1 to 2 months
- Achievable age
approx. 20 years
Threat Categories of IUCN
If a female has laid her egg, the father takes it at his feet for the subsequent breeding season and covers it with his belly fold. The mother returns with a large stock of predigested fish mash for the young chick after it has hatched. At that point the male does the strengthening, and afterwards the parents alternate positions.
The plumage of the penguin is very fine, extremely dense and they have an insulating layer of air between the feathers. They secrete an oily like substance from their uropygial gland for this purpose, which additionally serves to protect their fluffy plumage from water externally. Should the birds get cold however, they crowd together tightly in their group.